Blue Hole Ocoee

Ocoee Whitewater Center, Cherokee National Forest

A great place to go swimming, snorkeling, free-diving and suntanning!

(But not on weekends during the summer)

Last revised September 10, 2021

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As of September 10, rainfall from Hurricane Ida continues to require flood-relief water sluicing from Ocoee #3 Dam.
This means the river is running too high for safe swimming at Blue Hole.
See the following info to determine whether the river is (hopefully) low enough at any one time.

Check TVA's website for Ocoee #3 Dam for current updates. Any "hourly discharge" higher than about 1,400 cubic feet per second indicates at least some of the river flow is being sluiced down the rivercourse, making it hazardous to swim at Blue Hole.

This page can now finally be reached using a simpler URL: (capital letters are optional)

For the entry on this site, click here. (They call me the "guru" of Blue Hole Ocoee, which is cool but doesn't seem to include any extra money or a company car. :) )

 My 2021 itinerary is now posted! Click here 

List of all photos and videos now available here

List of all my yearly diaries and recaps is now here

Blue Hole, looking downriver. The Centennial Olympic footbridge is in the background; the best-known underwater tunnels are just to the left out of frame; the Ocoee Whitewater Center is out of frame to the right.

Directions From Atlanta Things To Bring Current Summer Roadtrip Schedule
Photos and Videos -- Some underwater! Index to all of my annual diaries and recaps NEW! Where I get my masks, swim-jammers and my straw hat, cheap!

Ever since 1994 or so, I've been roadtripping a lot up to Cleveland Tennessee, where my longtime friends Dirk, Randall and Gabrial lived, to visit them and go swimming in the Ocoee River Gorge. There's a great swimming hole called Blue Hole, part of the Upper Ocoee River, where there are underwater tunnels shallow and deep, wide and narrow; nice wide swimming holes 10-12 ft. deep; places where you can jump in or go free-diving and look at the rocky bottom, in clear mountain water. There are easy tunnels for the whole family to swim through, and some that only kids (and skinny adults) can attempt, and some that no-one I know of has succeeded in swimming through. It's a lot of fun! Great weather, great swimming, great company, underwater tunnels....what more could one ask for?

First, some important things to know:

  1. For my friends in the Atlanta area, it's about an hour and 50 min. from downtown Atlanta to the Ocoee Whitewater Center and Blue Hole via I-575 and SR 5, and a bit longer via I-75 to US 411 to US 64, assuming you travel near the posted speed limit in most areas. It's only about 80-90 minutes from Atlanta's northwestern suburbs (Cobb, Bartow, Cherokee counties), since they're closer. From my house in Auburn, Georgia, it's about two hours and forty-five minutes. Oh, well.
  2. For everyone, the official address for the Ocoee Whitewater Center -- which is just a bit downriver from Blue Hole Ocoee -- is 4400 US-64, Copperhill, TN 37317. This should work in all GPS navigational apps, and on websites like Google Maps.
  3. See the "Things To Bring" section below for a list of things to bring with you. $3 cash, a mask or a pair of goggles, water shoes and something to swim in is a good start. :)
  4. A $3 fee applies to vehicles parking in the day-use Ocoee Whitewater Center lot. This is a US Forest Service "Fee Area" and for a whole day of fun, it's a bargain for a carload of people at twice the price. A Cherokee National Forest annual pass is only $20 after May 1st, though, and includes all of the Forest's 'fee areas' including the beaches on Parksville Lake and up at Chilhowee. I get one now every year.
  5. The water level in the Upper Ocoee riverbed at Blue Hole is controlled by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) at Ocoee #3 dam. Before embarking on any trip to Blue Hole, it's always wise to call the Ocoee Whitewater Center at 423-496-5197, 9am-5pm, to ask the nice volunteers there if the water is low and therefore safe to go swimming: "We'd like to go swimming in Blue Hole today. Is the water too high? Is there a dam release scheduled for today?"
    Here are some reasons why TVA might be running high water through the Ocoee at Blue Hole:
    • White-water "paid for" by the rafting companies. Since TVA would normally divert the water through the mountain tunnel to Ocoee #3 powerhouse and generate power from it, the water has to be "paid for." The summer rafting/kayaking schedule is located here; water is normally run high in the Upper Ocoee river-course on Saturdays and Sundays for rafting.
    • After extremely heavy rainfall in the Ocoee Basin, or throughout the region
    • problems or routine maintenance can force TVA's Ocoee #3 powerhouse or the water diversion tunnel to be shut down, and the extra flow would have to go through the riverbed.
  6. Summer schedule for the Upper Ocoee: Click here for TVA's scheduled releases.
    High water is not normally scheduled for weekdays at all, only Saturdays and Sundays through Labor Day, but as we've seen several times, conditions can change, due to heavy rains in the Ocoee basin or maintenance on the dam, tunnel or powerhouse turbines comprising Ocoee #3 power plant.
    TVA has now installed a lights-and-siren warning system along the riverbed in front of the Ocoee Whitewater Center, which is audible upriver at Blue Hole and at least as far as "Little" Blue Hole, ten additional minutes' walk up the path. The alarm will begin sounding when the sluice gate is opened at Ocoee #3, and it sounds at 10-minute intervals thereafter for 90 minutes. The released water takes 60-90 minutes to get from Ocoee #3 dam to Blue Hole and the Ocoee Whitewater Center.
  7. Although the water is usually quite clear (except for about one day after the river's been high), the underwater rocks can be muddy. Don't wear something that can't be washed at home afterward.
  8. This is, after all, backwoods Tennessee. Since this isn't a pool, swimming in shorts, cutoffs or whatever is okay. Thongs might look a bit out of place. :) "Skinny-dipping" is not impossible, but I'd suggest heading further upriver on the path away from civilization and the Whitewater Center before trying it.
  9. There are bathrooms at the Ocoee Whitewater Center, open 9-5pm, same hours as the visitors' center upstairs and the small gift-shop downstairs. There is also a 'waterless' restroom facility toward the bottom of the parking lot but it's basically an overgrown porta-potty. It's better than nothing but you might want to hold your breath while inside. :)
    A Coke vending machine and a PowerAde machine are located outside at the OWC, plus there's a pay phone.

Directions To Blue Hole

With the prevalence of navigational apps and GPS systems, it's easiest now to simply provide the address of the Ocoee Whitewater Center and let your technology handle the rest. It is located at 4400 US-64, Copperhill, TN 37317. Your navigation system should route you to US 64 through Ducktown TN (from the east) or through Cleveland, Ocoee or Benton TN from the west, as there is no other way to get there. If it doesn't do that, check another source.
Since I'm from Atlanta, I have included directions from the Atlanta metro area via two routes.

Upon Arrival

If you're approaching from the east (Ducktown), there will be a left-turning lane, and you'll see a parking lot on the left in front of the building. Turn in there. If you're approaching from the west (along the river gorge), stay on US-64 until you have passed the day-use parking lot and turn right into the OWC parking lot.
Parking is now free for up to 30 minutes in this upper lot, so you can stop and visit the restroom and change. You may be able to purchase a daily pass for $3 or a full-year Cherokee National Forest pass inside, but not always. You'll have to move your car to the lower "day use" lot afterwards.
Continue past OWC in the parking lot and at the exit, you'll see a sharp left marked with "Ocoee Whitewater Center parking." Turn down here and park in the first non-reserved space you find.
If you haven't already paid for a day-pass at the office, go to one of the Daily Use fee kiosks and drop the envelope in the slot, and put the stub on your dashboard. You're all set! --Or, you can be like me and get an annual pass. :) A pass for the entire Cherokee National Forest is $30 for the year, but it's only $20 after May 1st. That's a great deal, since it also includes places like Mac Point Beach, Parksville Beach, the Chilhowee Recreation Area, and all the other Daily Use Fee Areas in the Forest including boat ramps and shooting ranges. Note that it does not include overnight camping in developed campgrounds, which runs typically $12-20 per night. If you can't purchase an annual pass at the Whitewater Center, you can get one at the Ranger Station on US-64 by Parksville Lake.
Taken from the parking lot facing downriver Facing upriver: OWC is the red building in the distance at left OWC itself, taken from the short-term parking lot

Things you'll see at Blue Hole

The riverbed right by the Center mostly consists of rocks, with some deep pools and a small waterfall near the day-use parking lot. I don't usually go swimming here because there are "neeter" areas and underwater tunnels up the river, but this is a great area to take younger kids since it's not too far from the parking area. The rocks are worn smooth from millions of years of waterflow in the river basin and look neet; they are slippery, so be careful. The intentionally rusty suspension bridge marks the upriver limit of the riverbed modifications for the 1996 Olympic Games -- the parking lot is where the temporary grandstands were built.

You'll see a set of rock stairs leading down from the Center to the path along the river; Blue Hole is about a hundred yards upriver from the bridge. You can see it easily from the bridge.

Here's a rough sketch of the area around the Ocoee Whitewater Center (from Ducktown and McCaysville, you'd enter from the upper right-hand corner on US 64; from Cleveland and Route 411 you'd enter from the left side).

From OWC, take the stone steps down to the path near the river. Walking upriver on the footpath that runs beneath the bridge, you'll cross a small stream on some flat rocks. Beyond this to your right is Blue Hole itself, a wide deep spot in the river with good places for jumping off rocks, etc. Many people "establish their base" here, but I generally continue onward and drop my stuff near the tunnels; later I snorkel back down the river to enjoy this deeper part of Blue Hole.
The best-known underwater tunnels are located beyond the deep basin, a bit further upriver. This is where I usually park my stuff and enter the river, since you can walk across the rocks and hop into the tunnels right from the shore. So, go about another 100 yards past Blue Hole on the path; you'll see an expanse of solid rock that tilts down toward the river on your right.
In the middle of the riverbed at this point are a collection of small "holes" -- you've found the tunnels!

If you step carefully across the rocks toward the holes, "The Throne" is one of the first holes you come to from the path -- it's almost perfectly circular and about two-and-a-half feet across. You can recognize it because if you look down into it, you can see out the side into the next hole; you'll also see that a handy rock "shelf" extends across the bottom. This is where I usually enter the water since it's easy and not prone to slipping or sliding. It's just big enough for one person and standing here kinda makes you feel One With the River, like you're the lord of all you survey, hence I call it "The Throne." :)
The Throne is that black hole to the left. Yes, there's water in it just out of view!

If you duck your head under you can exit from The Throne into the next hole, which is irregularly-shaped and wider. Here the bottom shelves down to about 7 feet deep. Angling off to the right is an underwater opening that leads you to a multiway underwater chamber. You can veer right and come out the "Main Entrance," you can go upward through an opening, or you can veer left and go thru a smaller tunnel into a circular basin about big enough for four people. From this hole you can continue out through one of two exits into open water (perhaps four ft. deep) on the opposite side of the riverbed from the path.

None of these tunnels is more than 3 or 4 feet long, making them safe for most kids and nearly all adults, as long as you can swim. They can be done with or without diving masks or goggles, although masks or goggles make it a lot more fun and much safer, especially for large groups.
This is the narrowest tunnel (recommended for skinny kids and adults only) as seen from c. 5 ft. past the Throne From the same spot, this is the passageway to the left. A kid in the foreground (left leg visible) has just poked his head up through the narrow opening; in the background is someone snorkeling in the "wide circular hole" mentioned above From the "wide circular hole" here are the two exits out to open water on the other side of the riverbed. And facing back, here's the pebbly bottom of the wide circular hole from one of the exit tunnels.

If you go back out to the path, further upriver about a 10-12-minute walk you come to an area we call "Little Blue Hole." This area tends to be a bit less crowded with casual tourists and whitewater-rafting parties and can be a more pleasant place to suntan, etc. We've gone "skinny-dipping" here before, when there was no-one else around (except a Forest Ranger who walked up and saw us, but that's a different story...)

Here's a view from midriver a bit downstream from the tunnels looking back at the "main entrance," from which the kid has just emerged.
From the same spot, here's a view looking downstream. In the background is the suspension bridge. Past the kids just right of center is a tilted rock in the distance -- there's an excellent tunnel running underneath it. Just to the right of the large tilted rock (left foreground) and to the left of the rocky "peninsula" (middle distance, center) you can see all the way to the far side of Blue Hole itself. The wide swimming hole seen here is actually the smaller, more distant swimming hole seen in this image from the bridge, facing upstream.

If you go up to Blue Hole this summer or any summer, be sure to drop me a note in email if you have any comments or suggestions. It's a great place to go swimming or snorkeling!

Things You Should Bring

(Listed in approximate order of importance)
  1. $3 for the day-long parking fee. Or just get an annual pass once and enjoy the whole summer. :)
    For large vehicles, like buses and passenger vans, the daily fee is 50 cents per person. Annual passes are $30 before May 1st and just $20 after May 1st and cover all of the Cherokee National Forest's day-use areas.
  2. Mask, snorkel and fins. If nothing else, bring a mask, or at least some goggles for your eyes. Blue Hole is ten times as much fun when you can see where you're going, and there's a lot to see on the bottom. Besides, then you won't have to borrow a mask from me! :) Fins (or 'flippers') are not needed in the "Swiss cheese" tunnels, but they're really helpful everywhere else in open water.
  3. Shoes, preferably water-shoes or old tennis shoes. On a sunny summer day, the rocks in the riverbed and along the sides can get extremely hot, and shoes become really important. The rocks are also slippery when wet so choose something with decent wet-traction.
  4. A bathing suit. Note how this is listed below money, masks and shoes? :) You can also go swimming in shorts or cutoffs, and I've seen passersby, and locals on the way home from work, take a quick dip wearing long pants...and sometimes underwear. The farther up the river you walk, the less crowded the river tends to be, so skinny-dipping isn't out of the question once you're away from the crowds.
  5. A hat. That Sun'll bake yer brain. :)
  6. An underwater camera. Not a necessity but they work pretty well and on a clear day with sunshine you can get some awesome underwater shots, as you can see on these pages. For disposable underwater cameras, Fuji's is the best I've used, but Kodak's is okay too. I'm now using a GoPro Hero5 Black ($120 refurbished on eBay) and also an older Hero2. I still have my trusty Pentax Optio W30 and Fuji Finepix digital underwater camera for abovewater photos and some video. The Pentax gets better audio results underwater as the mic on the Fuji is extremely "hot."
  7. Tanning lotion, preferably the allegedly-waterproof kind. If you can find it, bio-degradable sunblock would be even better since there is substantial underwater life in the river.
  8. Towel and/or blanket. --Especially if you're suntanning.
  9. A wetsuit, or something warm to wear if the water's a bit chilly. It can be chilly early in the season, or when the water is flowing a bit higher than normal due to rainfall in the basin, or when the wind is really blowin'. Wearing a surfers' rashguard, or a shirt over longer shorts, or bike-shorts under cutoffs, etc., can help fight the chills. Water temps have ranged from 72F (pretty chilly) up to around 88F (almost too warm), but tend to be in the low to mid 80s by late summer. Quite comfortable.
  10. A cooler with drinks and stuff. If you picnic near Blue Hole, please dispose your trash properly...and give others hell if they don't. :)
    Please note that Forest Service rules prohibit the consumption of alcohol and Rangers will occasionally patrol the area checking coolers, etc.

If you'd like to make it an overnight trip, the closest motels are in Ducktown, TN; you passed them if you approached from the east but they're a little pricey. There are also various lodges, campgrounds and cabin-rental places in the Cherokee National Forest. Thunder Rock Campground, across the river near TVA's Ocoee #3 powerhouse is only about 2 miles from Blue Hole and costs $12/night for a spot. No permit or fee is required for "primitive" camping up in the mountains within the National Forest, but there are bears and stuff.
For more information about primitive camping, go here.
In the event I don't stay with friends in Cleveland, TN, I generally get a room in town there. There are numerous options at the two northern exits on I-75.
If you'd like to picnic at Blue Hole, a bridge by the lower "day" parking lot leads to a small picnic area across the river from the parking lot. These tables are first-come first-served.

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2021 Summer Roadtrip Itinerary

Revised August 30, 2021

Dates Plans Comments
May 25-26 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip made! Water was a bit chilly at 75-79 degrees but it was a great, hot visit with air temps in the upper 80s. Youtube playlist with 6 videos from this visit is now posted here. My Facebook post with pics and the vids (in lieu of an album which apparently are no longer offered) is here
June 8th and 9th Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip cancelled Cancelled due to home issues (garage door failure) and an iffy forecast (highs only in the low 80s and rain/showers forecasted).
June 29-30 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip made! Tuesday was cloudy after I got there but it never rained; a storm actually divided around us! Wednesday was mostly sunny with a short rain shower and a break during a loud, noisy church-group. Just a couple of tunnel swim-thru vids from the trip, via YouTube: Here's one from Tuesday (GoPro Hero2) and Here's one from Wednesday (GoPro Hero5 Black). And here are two photos of some cool folks taken on Wednesday, along with the videos, in a FB post: here.
July 6-7, 2021 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip made! Thanks to Alicia, Elkin, Lily, Gavin and Jasper for good company on Tuesday, and to Dillon, Landon and co. on Wednesday. Videos have been posted to the 2021 Playlist on YouTube.
Photos and videos have now been posted here on Facebook as a public post.
July 14, 2021 Wednesday one-day visit made! This ended up being a nice day with lots of sunshine later (and me getting a bit toastier). Despite an iffy forecast and getting dumped on in Copperhill and Ducktown on the way in, it never rained on us at Blue Hole although it HAD rained earlier in the morning there. It was great to see Jaiden and also Dillon up there. Facebook post with pics and videos from the trip is posted here! Videos have now been added to YouTube here.
July 22, 2021 Rare one-day Thursday roadtrip made! Great weather this time after several days of rain due to a stationary front over the area. The water flow was much higher than it's been, but it was do-able. Great to see Dillon yet again, and to meet Logan and Stanton, who appear in most of my videos. They are posted here on Facebook. I've also created a new "2021 Part 2" playlist on YouTube and have added them there.
July 28, 2021 One-day only Wednesday roadtrip made! This was a pretty awesome visit. Warmest water of the year so far at 86F, and a cloudless day with a high temp around 90F. Great to see John the rafting guide again this year, and to meet TJ, Paige, Tobi and Jay and the "Kayaking Crew" late in the day: Alex, Richard, Ben, Will, Christian, Henry, Harper, Eddie and Trevor (whew!).
Videos and a few photos are now posted on Facebook here.
I've also added them to my "2021 Part 2" playlist on YouTube.
August 3-4, 2021 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip Cancelled The forecast highs for these two days were only around 80F with clouds and rain forecast, so I skipped this week's trip. Quite a change from the 90s we've had recently!
August 10-11, 2021 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip made! Lowest weekday river-flow of the summer so far, and the water topped out at 84F each day. Relatively uncrowded both days with most school systems back in session, but it was cool to meet new folks and see, e.g., John again.
Photos and videos are posted on Facebook here. I've also added them to my "2021 Part 2" playlist on YouTube.
August 24-25, 2021 Roadtrip Cancelled TVA has been sluicing water from Ocoee #3 Dam due to rainfall from TS Fred. As of early Wednesday morning, it looks like they will still be sluicing 2,000+ cubic ft/sec on Wednesday, which exceeds the 1,300-or-so CCF capacity of the tunnel and the generator at the powerhouse. Oh, well.
August 31-Sept 1, 2021 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip cancelled I'll have to cancel my final pre-Dragon*Con trip due to Hurricane Ida and continuing sluicing from Ocoee #3 Dam.
September 14-15, 2021 Tuesday and Wednesday roadtrip VERY tentative, water-level and temps permitting This is getting a bit late in the season AND there seems to be no end in sight for the extra flow from #3 Dam, but we'll see.... Contact me on Facebook or via email -- -- if you'd like to meet up!
September 18-19, 2021 Late-season weekend trip is possible, temps and water flow permitting This is also getting a bit late in the season, but the weekend recreational water releases end the weekend before.... So, we'll see what the temperatures are like. Contact me on Facebook or via email -- -- if you'd like to meet up!
September 25-26, 2021 Late-season weekend trip is possible, temps permitting This is also getting a bit late in the season. So, we'll see what the temperatures are like. Contact me on Facebook or via email -- -- if you'd like to meet up!

Photos and Videos

Paul, where do you get your.....

People sometimes ask me where they can find some of the things they've seen me with at Blue Hole, for a decent price, so here ya go:
  1. My cool-looking straw hat. It's called a "Fulani" hat and is made by the Fulani tribe in Western Africa. I get mine from Spice Traders Music. Here is their Facebook profile. Awesome folks who make their own drums and didjeridoos but also import drums from well as Fulani hats. I've "worked" for them at the Georgia Renaissance Festival for several years now.
  2. Swim-jammers. For the low price I pay for these -- less than $20 -- I think more people would love to swim in these. They're fast in the water, quick-drying and provide support wthout being too revealing like a speedo, and they're cheaper than most board-shorts or suits.
    Here's an eBay link for the iSpeed jammers I often wear (under $15 and free shipping!), and here's a link to FlipTurnSwimShop, a US-based eBay seller I've bought many jammers from, also for less than $20 each and fast, free shipping.
  3. Masks, snorkels, fins. I've gotten most of my equipment lately from the eBay seller Get Wet Store, including all of my "Promate" brand masks, snorkels and fins. I haven't paid more than $30 for any of those, and generally pay $15 or $20 even for really good dive-masks.
  4. Non-slip water boots. I use "Deep See" brand water boots, preferably with the felt bottoms, which don't slip easily...even on the slippery wet rocks at Blue Hole. You can set up a search on eBay for them.
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2019 Roadtrip Diary | 2020 Roadtrip Diary | Current Summer Roadtrip Info |

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